ISSN 1816-8949 printed version
ISSN 2313-2841 online version

INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

 

Scope and Editorial Policy

All material proposed for publication and presented to the Journal An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) will be reviewed by the Editor and/or Editorial Board and subsequently sent to "external evaluation by peers", to two evaluators or scientific peers. The publisher will inform the main or corresponding author about: 1. the reception of their work; 2. the comments of the reviewers; and, 3. the final decision regarding the publication of his/her manuscript in the journal.
The magazine An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) reserves the right to accept or reject the articles and to make suggestions to improve their presentation.
Once the author receives the comments of the reviewers, they must deliver their responses item by item and incorporate the corresponding modifications in the text. If, during the following four weeks, no response is received from the authors, the Editor and/or Editorial Board will withdraw the manuscript.

Once the manuscript has been accepted for publication, no modifications to its content will be accepted and the authors must send a declaration of transfer of copyright to the journal which must be signed by each of the authors responsible for the manuscript. The original article accepted for publication will remain in the journal archives for up to one year.

 

 

Publication Rules

  • JOURNAL PUBLICATION CATEGORIES
    Original article: It is an unpublished work derived from a health research that provides new information on specific aspects and contributes, in a relevant way, to the scientific knowledge.  It follows the standard international format which includes: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion (IMRD format).
    Review article: presents the current state of knowledge on a topic and includes two categories:
    1. Requested directly by the publisher to the experts in the subject;
    2. Presented by professionals interested in a particular topic;
    It should include a summary with an emphasis on the significance of the recent findings, an introduction to the subject pointing out updated past and recent developments on the topic, with references on publications of works of other authors on the subject. The development is at the discretion of the author and it is advised to include tables, diagrams and figures that make the reading of the text easier and offer a quicker understanding of its content. It is a narrative review that must include a critical analysis of the literature, data specific to the authors and a final conclusion.

    Brief communications: Reports are partial (preliminary) or final results of an investigation which needs rapid disclosure.

    Case reports: Examples of clinical cases of diseases that highlight some significant particularity or indicate a special finding on such cases. They are accompanied by a brief review of the relevant literature.

    Topics of interest: It is a philosophical, literary, or scientific manuscript that presents the opinion which is supported by the author on a specific or current topic.

    Comments or letters to the editor: Short manuscripts requesting clarifications or presenting comments on the material published in the journal. The decision on the publication of the received letters is at the discretion of the Journal´s Editorial Committee.

    Bibliographic comments: Brief critical writings on national or international books on biomedical sciences.

    · GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE MANUSCRIPTS:

    Any material proposed for publication and presented to the Journal An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) will be reviewed by the Editor and/or Editorial Board and subsequently sent to "external evaluation by peers", to two evaluators or scientific peers. The publisher will inform the main or corresponding author about: 1. the reception of their work; 2. the comments of the reviewers; and, 3. the final decision on the publication of their manuscript in the journal. The journal, An. Fac. Cienc. Méd., reserves the right to accept or reject the articles and to make suggestions to improve their presentation.

    Once the author receives the comments of the reviewers, they must respond to them item by item and incorporate the corresponding modifications in the text. If the responses of the authors are not received during the following four weeks, the Editor and/or Editorial Board will withdraw the manuscript.

    Once the manuscript has been accepted for publication, modifications on its content will not be accepted and the authors must send a declaration of transfer of copyright to the journal which must be signed by each of the authors responsible for the manuscript. The original articles accepted for publication will remain in the journal archives for up to one year.

    For each work, present three copies on A4 paper (212x297mm), arial type letter 10, Microsoft WORD text format, single space, with margins of 2.5mm in addition to the electronic version. Write only on one side of the paper and number the pages consecutively, beginning from the title page, in the lower right corner of each page. The documents must be corrected. They must not have no spelling, grammar, or style mistakes.
    Each work will be accompanied by a document or cover letter with the signature of all the authors where they express their declaration on aspects of financing or of any other aspect that could lead to a conflict of interests (absence of conflicts of interest), acceptance of publication in the journal and the declaration that all the authors have read and approved the manuscript, that the requirements for authorship have been met and that each author states their opinion on the truthfulness and accuracy of the work presented. Likewise, the name, address, telephone number, and email address of the author who is responsible for making others aware of the revisions and the final acceptance of the printing samples must be established. The papers that do not meet the basic conditions indicated in these rules, will be rejected by the secretary of the EFACIM Editorial.

    · ADDRESS

    For delivery of the manuscripts for publication, please contact: Editorial of the School of Medicine (EFACIM). Capitán Miranda e/ Río de la Plata y Dr. Montero. Edificio Ex-Semiología Médica de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas. Universidad Nacional de Asunción. Asunción - Paraguay. Email address: efacim@med.una.py

    ·  ELABORATION OF THE MANUSCRIPT
    All manuscripts sent to the journal for publication must include the following sections for all categories of articles:

    1) Presentation page:

    - Title in Spanish: short (no more than ten words), clear, concise and specific, without abbreviations.
    - Title in English: true and correct translation from Spanish.
    - Complete surnames and acronyms of names of the authors separated by commas.
    - Institutional affiliation(s): name of the Institution(s) where the work was carried out.
    - Corresponding author: name of the responsible author, complete address, telephone, fax, and email to contact him/her.
    - Sources of funding.

    2) Summary:
    - Structured summary (introduction, objective, materials and methods, results, and conclusion) in Spanish and English, written in the past tense. Each of these should not have more than 250 words. The use of references or acronyms or abbreviations is not allowed in the abstracts.

    3) Keywords:

    - 3 to 10 keywords are required in each language (Spanish and English). See the descriptors in Health Sciences (DeCS) of the Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Index (LILACS) at http://decs.bvs.br.  To check the English language consult the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) of the Medicus Index at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/meshhome.htm

    4) Conflict of interest and financing:
    - A paragraph must be included before the bibliographic references of the manuscript, expressing whether or not there are any conflicts of interest, as well as including the source of funding for the research.

    5) Bibliographic references:

    - Number the references consecutively according to the order of the citations mentioned in the text beginning from the Introduction, using numerical references (Arabic numeral in parentheses). Do not cite unpublished observations or personal communications as references. If you must include as reference any accepted article that has not yet been published, indicate the title of the journal and write the term "in press" for which you must have proof of consent of the editor of the journal which enables you to quote that particular article.

    - Consult the list of periodic publications of the MEDICUS INDEX http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/serials/lji.html for the exact abbreviation of the cited magazine. If the journal does not appear, write the full title of the journal. Transcribe only the first six authors of the article, followed by et al.

    Consult Lilacs, Latindex, Scielo, Hinari or other relevant bibliographical sources to include national and Latin American references in your article.

    - All bibliographical references will follow the Vancouver Referencing Style Guide (see these rules below).

    6) Specifications according to the type of manuscript:

    - Original articles:

    · Follow the standardized international format IMRD (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion).

    INTRODUCTION: Write this section in the present tense. Start by writing a brief reference of the subject investigated. Draft the body of the introduction with a bibliographical review which is not very extensive and that is pertinent to the subject. Place the corresponding bibliographic citation(s) for each article used to write this section. Do not include data or conclusions of the work you have done. Include here the objective(s) of the paper and finish by highlighting the relevance of the work.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Write this part in the past tense, clearly describing the design of the work, the selection of the subjects of observation or experimentation, clinical-demographic characteristics, space and period of time of the study, inclusion and exclusion criteria. Identify methods, equipment, and procedures in detail so that other researchers can reproduce your results. Identify exactly medications and chemical products used, with their generic name, dosage and routes of administration. Describe exactly the experiment and the groups of subjects of the study, as well as their randomization, the estimation of the sample size and the statistical methods used in detail, so that the reader can verify the results. Quantify your results and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (confidence intervals, p-value, etc.) using the appropriate statistics. Specify the software used.

    Ethical Aspects: Respect at all times the three basic principles of ethics such as respect for the subjects, the principle of beneficence and justice. No names, initials, or number of patients´ records can be published; descriptions, photographs or other details that identify the patient, especially in illustrative materials, unless it is essential for the publication. In this case the patient, parent or legal guardian must express their consent in writing (with informed consent). In the case of works that include experiments on human beings, include whether or not the procedures comply with the ethical standards of the Council of International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) and of the Declaration of Helsinki of 1975, revised in 2000. In the case of experiments with animals indicate whether or not the basic international principles applicable to biomedical research with animals prepared by the Council of International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) and the International Council of Science and Laboratory Animals (ICLAS) have been met.

    RESULTS: Write them in the past tense and do not use citations in this section. Present your results with a logical sequence using text, tables, or figures. Do not repeat the data of tables and figures in the text. However, highlight or summarize the most important observations. The tables, figures, and photographs will be presented according to the order mentioned in the text, adjusting to the format of the publication and the publisher will be able to modify them if they present technical difficulties. The number of figures must not exceed six and each must have a title and explanatory note at the bottom. Do not present tables with grid or shading in the text because these can prevent their good visualization.

    DISCUSSION: Must be written in the present tense. Highlight the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that derive from them, confronting them with results presented by other authors and indicating exactly their bibliographic reference. Do not repeat the results or other information already highlighted in the previous sections of the manuscript. Explain the significance of your results, the limitations that existed and refer to the relevance of your findings and/or possible future research. Relate the results to other experiences and establish the link between the conclusion and the objectives. In other words, conclude by answering the research question or objective that appears in your introduction. To one or more objectives, one or more conclusions, which will be inserted in the last paragraphs of this section. When you consider it pertinent, relevant recommendations can be included.

    Bibliographic references: The original articles must contain at least 25 bibliographical references, ordered according to their appearance in the text and following the Vancouver standards(see below).

    - Review articles:

    ·  Follow this format:

    INTRODUCTION: State and define the topic to be discussed, followed by a careful and detailed review of the literature in order to present all the most relevant data about your topic in recent years. In this section you can use subtitles.

    Subtitles: You have the freedom to divide your writing according to the order of your presentation plan, using different sections to be subtitled as you see fit. You can also use figures, tables, or illustrative outlines that explain details of your review topic. Everything stated will always be accompanied by the corresponding bibliographic citation.

    CONCLUSION: After writing your entire review, you will finish your manuscript with a critical conclusion, as a specialist, about the revised topic.

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES: Must contain at least 30 to 50 bibliographical references of recent years.

    - Brief Communications:

    Considering they are communications that do not reach a complete publication status (full papers), these will be written following the items of an original article with IMRD format but, in short form, so that the work does not contain more than three pages. No more than one figure or a table. Acknowledgments and bibliography as in a complete original article.

    - Case reports:

    ·  They can be about one or about a series of cases or family cases and are written following these items or sections:

    INTRODUCTION: of the subject with a brief bibliographical review.

    PRESENTATION OF THE CLINICAL CASE: Completely describe the case(s) to be presented, one by one, without including bibliographical references, in the present tense. Up to three tables or three figures.

    DISCUSSION: Follow the discussion methodology as in an original article based on the literature review. Also include and comment on the differential diagnoses.

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES: no more than 25 references.

    - Topics of interest:
    In general, they will be requested by the publisher as well as the review articles. They must provide a real updated scientific interest without presenting a critical analysis, criteria that the review article requires.
    They include the Introduction, the Development of the topic or text with its bibliographic citations, a Conclusion and Bibliographical references. It can include no more than three figures or three tables.

    - Comments or letters to the Editor:

    They are intended to encourage the discussion of published articles in the form of constructive criticism. In this case, for articles published in the last three months or communication of very short scientific observations that do not require the space of brief or complete articles. Write up to three pages maximum. You can use a table or figure and up to five bibliographical references if necessary. Do not forget your mailing address.

    - Bibliographic comments:

    Brief critical writings about books on biomedical sciences that are considered to be pertinent and informative to write about. They include a critical essay of no more than one page with the corresponding reference.

    Editor-in-Chief
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    Submission of manuscripts

    Manuscripts should be addressed to Editor of the Journal Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas de la Universidad Nacional de Asunción, to the following address: Capitán Miranda e/ Río de la Plata y Dr. Montero. Edificio Ex-Semiología Médica – Facultad de Ciencias Médicas. Universidad Nacional de Asunción - Paraguay. Email address: efacim@med.una.py

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    Capitán Miranda e/ Río de la Plata y Dr. Montero
    C.P. 1120
    Edificio Ex-Semiología Médica
    Universidad Nacional de Asunción.
    Asunción - Paraguay


    efacim@med.una.py