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Revista científica ciencias de la salud

versión On-line ISSN 2664-2891


BOECHI, Laura C. et al. Technology for the Assessment, Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Preliminary and Integrative Review. Rev. cient. cienc. salud [online]. 2023, vol.5, e5301.  Epub 01-Mar-2023. ISSN 2664-2891.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the neurodevelopmental disorders with the highest prevalence, estimated at 5%, in the pediatric population. The objective of this review was to synthesize the existing technologies used to evaluate, diagnose, and treat ADHD symptoms in the pediatric population. This is a preliminary, integrative review, which included articles published in 3 specialized databases, PsycINFO, Eric and Web of Science, between 2005 and 2021. It was found that classical diagnostic tests are divided into psychometric tests, biomarker assessment and eye movements. On the other hand, the tests that use technology are those for evaluation and diagnosis (DIDE, MOXO, AULA, AQUIARUM and BRAINGAZE) and those used in therapy (SINCROLAB, PSIOUS, SISTEMA eTNS and several based-on neurofeedback). The modern technologies offer a certain percentage of sensitivity with low investment, they do not require expensive equipment and the preparation of the psychologist or medical professional for their application is relatively simple and accessible, since it comes as a complement in the purchase of most of the programs. To continue examining their effectiveness, it is recommended to continue assessing these tools with more robust methodologies, in large clinical populations, and this should be a priority for future research.

Palabras clave : attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity; diagnosis; therapeutics; technologie.

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