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Revista científica ciencias de la salud

versão On-line ISSN 2664-2891


CACERES, Rodrigo et al. Asthma in adults: clinical characteristics, comorbidities and risk for obstructive sleep apnea. Rev. cient. cienc. salud [online]. 2023, vol.5, e5111.  Epub 29-Jun-2023. ISSN 2664-2891.

Introduction. Few reports on asthma exist in the national literature. The objective of our study is to describe certain clinical characteristics, comorbidities, and risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in this group. Material and methods. Through an observational case-control study, patients with asthma of both sexes and a control group matched by sex and age were included. Demographic data, disease characteristics, data related to asthma control and spirometry, comorbidities, and risk of sleep apnea measured by the STOP-BANG questionnaire were recorded during a structured interview. Results. 132 individuals were included in the case group and 132 in the control group. Among the asthmatics, 38.63% of uncontrolled forms and 9% were severe. There was also a higher frequency of arterial hypertension, obesity, allergic rhinitis and memory disorders. Higher risk for OSA, although not significant, was recorded in the case group. In the subgroup of asthmatics with obesity or in older adults, the difference was relevant to the statistical analysis. Discussion. Even with preventive medications available, the control rate of asthmatics in this sample is striking and deserves systematic studies. It is extremely important to take into account some comorbidities for the management of this group of patients, including risk stratification for OSA.

Palavras-chave : asthma; comorbidity; obstructive sleep apnea.

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