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Revista científica ciencias de la salud

On-line version ISSN 2664-2891


VARGAS, Valentina et al. Deprivation of freedom and suicide risk in women of a penitentiary. Rev. cient. cienc. salud [online]. 2023, vol.5, e5104.  Epub Mar 31, 2023. ISSN 2664-2891.

IntroductionSuicide is a key public health problem. The situation of deprivation of liberty is an increased risk for suicide. There is an increased prevalence of depression within prisons and its identification and treatment decreases the risk. Objective. To determine the risk of suicide and depression in women deprived of liberty in a correctional facility. Methodology. Descriptive cross-sectional study of a convenience sample of women from a women's correctional facility in Paraguay. A socio-demographic questionnaire, the Plutchik Suicide Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory were used, after signing an informed consent that explained the objectives of the study and voluntary and anonymous participation. The data was analyzed with the statistical package SPSS version 15.0. Results. A total of 108 women between 20 and 70 years of age (mean: 38 ± 12) participated in the study, 25.9% (n=28) completed secondary or university education (12%). 76.8% had between 1 and 5 years of deprivation of liberty. 38% (41) of the group had depression; 36.1% (n=39) presented suicidal risk, 25.9% (n=28) mild risk, 7.4% (n=8) moderate risk, and 2.8% (n=3) severe risk. A highly significant association was found between the presence of depression and suicidal risk (OR: 4.89 CI95% 2.1-11.4). The percentage of suicidal risk was higher than that of the general population and figures reported by other similar studies in penitentiary centers in Latin America.

Keywords : risk; suicide; women; deprivation; liberty.

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