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Revista científica ciencias de la salud

versão On-line ISSN 2664-2891


MONTIEL, Dora et al. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients who died from COVID-19 in a referral hospital in Paraguay between January 2021 and July 2022. Rev. cient. cienc. salud [online]. 2023, vol.5, e5101.  Epub 26-Jan-2023. ISSN 2664-2891.

Introduction. The COVID-19 pandemic from its beginning until August 13, 2022, has caused 19,478 deaths in Paraguay with a fatality rate of 2.78%. The objective of the study is to compare the characteristics of patients who died from COVID-19 in two years, January-December 2021 and January-July 2022. Material and Method. A retrospective cross-sectional analytical study of adult and pediatric patients who died from COVID-19 hospitalized in the respiratory area of the hospital. The patients were confirmed by RT-PCR in nasopharyngeal swabs. Results. Out of 5265 patients hospitalized with COVID-19, 1512 died, yielding an overall lethality rate of 28.7%, in 2021 was 26.3% (1164/4423) and 41.3% (348/842) in 2022. There was a higher percentage of men (53, 6%) among the deceased, significantly higher (p=0.045) in 2022 (58.3%) than in 2021 (52.2%); 69% of the deceased were over 60 years of age in 2022 and 48.3% in 2021; 79.2% of the patients had some risk factor, significantly higher in 2022 (84.3%) than in 2021 (77.7%), especially in AHT (54.3% vs 42.2%), heart disease (15.8% vs 9.7%), CKD (14.4% vs 5.4%), COPD (11.5% vs 5.4%), immunodeficiency (6.3% vs 2.5%) and neurological disease (3.4% vs 1.5%). The need for MRA was significantly (p <0.001) higher in 2022 (50.3%) than in 2021 (31.1%). Conclusion. A high global lethality rate was observed in a reference hospital in Paraguay with mortality predictors similar to those reported worldwide.

Palavras-chave : mortality; COVID-19; risk factor..

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