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Revista científica ciencias de la salud

On-line version ISSN 2664-2891


BENITEZ MEZA, Sara et al. Risk factors related to pregnancy in adolescents aged 14 to 19 years of the San Gerónimo Salado Health Unit, Limpio Paraguay in the period 2020-2021. Rev. cient. cienc. salud [online]. 2022, vol.4, n.2, pp.56-63. ISSN 2664-2891.

Introduction. Unplanned pregnancy during adolescence is configured as a public health problem. There are multiple risk factors related to this situation, these can be individual, family and sexual. Objective: To describe the distribution of risk factors related to adolescent pregnancy, based on the data obtained at the San Gerónimo de Limpio-Paraguay Health Unit, from January 2020 to November 2021. Methodology: descriptive, quantitative, cross-sectional study of adolescent pregnant women with at least two prenatal visits. Data were obtained by primary source through a survey and by secondary source by reviewing prenatal consultation records. Statistical measures of frequency and percentage distribution were applied. Risk factors possibly related to pregnancy in adolescents were described. Results: 45 pregnant adolescents were included in the study. Among the individual factors, 69% of the adolescents surveyed stated that they had a basic and deficient level of knowledge about family planning and contraceptive methods. Regarding the family factor, in 71% the repetition of family patterns was observed, such as early pregnancies. Conclusion: the study provides information on the risk factors of this vulnerable group of women from the local Family Health Unit, showing the need to increase promotion-prevention actions towards this age group, to improve their sexual health and reproductive.

Keywords : Paraguay; teenage pregnancy; risk factors, primary health care.

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