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Revista científica ciencias de la salud

versão On-line ISSN 2664-2891


RIVAS-KIESE, Myrian Elizabeth et al. Epidemiological characteristics of mortality due to bacterial meningitis in Paraguay (2015 - 2019). Rev. cient. cienc. salud [online]. 2022, vol.4, n.2, pp.1-8. ISSN 2664-2891.

Introduction. Meningitis is a disease that requires immediate diagnosis and treatment. The epidemiology changed over the years due to the advances in conjugate vaccines, however, the mortality rate, as well as the disease burden, are still very high. Objective. To describe the epidemiological characteristics of meningitis mortality in Paraguay in the 2015-2019 period. Materials and methods. Descriptive and ecological study in which data was obtained from the open and official website of the General Department of Strategic Information of the Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare. Crude and adjusted rates (per 100,000 inhabitants) were calculated using Excel and EPI INFO 7.0. Results. In the study period, 125 deaths were registered with the highest prevalence in 2018 (adjusted rate of 0.55 per 100,000 inhabitants) and the lowest in 2017 (adjusted rate of 0.27 per 100,000 inhabitants). The months with the highest mortality were August and December with 15.2% and 11.2%, respectively. Males were the predominant gender with 58.40% (73 people), 21.60% (27) were under 4 years of age, mostly women, and 12% (11) were seniors (60-70 years), mostly men. Average age was 37.76 years, 67.20% single (84) and 26.40% (33) had no formal education and 80.80% (101) lived in urban areas. The highest rates were registered in Paraguarí (6.8 per 100,000 inhabitants) and Caazapa (3.3 per 100,000 inhabitants). There were no cases in Alto Paraguay. Conclusion: The extremes of life remain a vulnerable population for meningitis.

Palavras-chave : meningitis; mortality; cerebrospinal fluid.

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