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Revista científica ciencias de la salud

versão On-line ISSN 2664-2891


RODRIGUEZ, Cinthya et al. Susceptibility to deltametrin of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Linnaeus 1676) (Diptera: Culicidae) and determination from areas of influence for its presence in a municipality of the Central department, Paraguay. Rev. cient. cienc. salud [online]. 2022, vol.4, n.1, pp.93-104. ISSN 2664-2891.

Introduction. Paraguay is an endemic country for dengue and the primary intervention for this arbovirus is the chemical control of its vector Aedes aegypti, being necessary to study its resistance against insecticides used for control and to know its sustainability in space and time. Objective. To determine the susceptibility of wild populations of Ae. aegypti from Villa Elisa-Central, against the adulticide deltamethrin and to know the potential area of ​​distribution of these resistant/susceptible populations. Methodology. Mosquitoes Ae. aegypti adults from Filial 1 obtained from ovitraps placed in geo-located dwellings between December 2017 and March 2018. The females resulting from rearing under ad hoc conditions in the laboratory were exposed to increasing concentrations of the insecticide. The actual distribution of mosquito populations and their area of ​​influence were modeled using DIVA-GIS. Results. The average mortality observed for each dose of deltamethrin was: 5.3% for (0.03%); 47.4% for (0.15%) and 61.2% for (0.3). Areas of influence were observed for the presence of Ae. aegypti. Conclusion. The values ​​corresponding to mortality were lower than 98%, which was indicative of resistance to diagnostic dose. The geographic distribution model of the evaluated population demonstrated the existence of suitable areas with optimal bioclimatic conditions (levels of precipitation, temperature and humidity), conducive to the appearance of water reservoirs and the presence of the vector, both in Villa Elisa and in the districts located on the outskirts such as San Lorenzo, Lambaré, Ñemby, San Antonio and Fernando de la Mora.

Palavras-chave : Aedes aegypti; insecticide resistance; Paraguay..

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