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Revista científica ciencias de la salud

versión On-line ISSN 2664-2891


PEREIRA-RODRIGUEZ, Javier Eliecer et al. Physical exercise and the risk of hepatic cancer. Rev. cient. cienc. salud [online]. 2022, vol.4, n.1, pp.24-37. ISSN 2664-2891.

Introduction. The liver is the largest solid organ; it performs many functions in the body. Physical exercise is valued as an efficient non-pharmacological intervention in the promotion of physical, mental and functional well-being of cancer patients. Objectives: To determine the effects of physical exercise on liver cancer and synthesize prospective studies on the association of physical activity and physical exercise with the risk of liver cancer. Methodology. Systematic review with retrospective and descriptive analysis of scientific articles published in indexed databases from January 2008 to June 2019. Likewise, the selection and evaluation of the archives was carried out through the Declaration of PRISMA, PICO, Cochrane and PEDro´s scale. Results. It was found that physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of developing liver cancers (95%CI 0.38-0.80). Aerobic exercise reduced liver lipids (liver fat 8.9±3.2 to 5.6±1.8%; p<0.05, visceral fat 54.7±6.0 to 49.6±5.5cm2; p<0.05) and resistance exercise increased insulin sensitivity (5.9 ± 5.9 to 4.6±4.6 vs. 4.7±2.1 to 5.1±2.5; p <0.05), improved metabolic flexibility (-0.0206± 0.010 vs. 0.004±0.003; p <0.05). Conclusions. Physical activity and exercise represents an important role in cancer disease, since it is associated with a lower risk of developing it, as well as reduce the symptoms which is especially associated with liver cancer.

Palabras clave : neoplasms; hepatic cancer; exercise; non-alcoholic fatty liver disease..

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