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Revista científica ciencias de la salud

On-line version ISSN 2664-2891


KIEP, Patrik et al. Malocclusion degree according to the dental aesthetics index in patients who attended the Universidad del Pacífico. Rev. cient. cienc. salud [online]. 2021, vol.3, n.1, pp.56-62. ISSN 2664-2891.

Introduction: The term malocclusion refers to a deficiency in the alignment of the teeth and the way the upper and lower teeth fit together. Most people have some degree of malocclusion, although it is usually not severe enough to require mandatory treatment, although patients require it for perceived dental esthetics. The application of standardized indexes makes it possible to correctly establish the planning of prevention activities and timely treatment. Objective: To determine the degree of malocclusion and the need for orthodontic treatment in patients with mixed dentition. Methodology: Descriptive observational cross-sectional study in which the dental esthetic index (DAI) was applied using the clinical and photographic records of patients seen in the Orthodontic Clinic of the School of Dentistry of the Universidad del Pacífico in 2018. For the analysis of the data according to descriptive statistics, Microsoft Excel® software was used. Result: The most frequent degree of malocclusion was minor malocclusion, observed in 45% of the patients, followed by manifest malocclusion in 42% of the cases. According to the DAI, 55% of the patients had an indication for orthodontic treatment, 42% electively, 10% with highly desirable treatment and 3% with an indication for mandatory treatment. Conclusion: Most of the patients had some degree of malocclusion with the consequent indication for orthodontic treatment; those who did not have an indication for treatment according to the DAI presented affectation in at least one occlusal characteristic related to the perception of dental esthetics.

Keywords : malocclusion; dental aesthetics; orthodontics; mixed dentition.

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