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Revista científica ciencias de la salud

On-line version ISSN 2664-2891


LOPEZ VAESKEN, Andrea Maria; RODRIGUEZ TERCERO, Ana Beatriz  and  VELAZQUEZ COMELLI, Patricia Carolina. Knowledge of Diabetes and Diet and Glycemic Control in Type II Diabetic Patients from a Hospital in Asunción. Rev. cient. cienc. salud [online]. 2021, vol.3, n.1, pp.45-55. ISSN 2664-2891.

Introduction. Diabetes complications appear as a result of poor glycemic control, which could be associated with ignorance in the management of the disease and food. Objective. To evaluate knowledge in diabetes and diet and glycemic control in type II diabetics of the Loma Pytã Maternal and Child Hospital in the period August-September 2019. Methodology. Cross-sectional descriptive study of a non-probabilistic sample of type diabetic patients II, with the application of a questionnaire of sociodemographic, clinical characteristics and questions about characteristics of type II diabetes and diet to assess the level of knowledge. The ANOVA test and Fisher's exact test were used to explore associations, considering a value of p <0.05 as statistical significance. Results. The good knowledge regarding feeding (31.6%) was lower compared to diabetes (58.3%). The average glycated hemoglobin value was 9.6%, indicating a poor metabolic control of the patients; the level of knowledge was associated with fasting blood glucose values (p = 0.03); Better knowledge was associated with being a woman and university education level, but not with being part of the diabetic club. Conclusion. The application of sustained educational work in diabetic patients could improve the level of knowledge of their disease and diet, reflecting good behaviors in their routine metabolic controls.

Keywords : diabetes mellitus; nutrition; metabolic control; nutritional education.

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