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Revista científica ciencias de la salud

On-line version ISSN 2664-2891


CABRERA FRANCO, Venancio Moisés; INVERNIZZI MENDOZA, Mireya Rocío; LIMA VELOSO, Ana Larissa  and  JARA, Viviano. Epidemiological characterization of patients with HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis from the Institute of Tropical Medicine in 2019. Rev. cient. cienc. salud [online]. 2021, vol.3, n.1, pp.38-44. ISSN 2664-2891.

Introduction: Cryptococcosis is a systemic mycosis whose etiological agent is called Cryptococcus. Most are caused by C. neoformans (serotypes A and D). C. neoformans is an opportunistic pathogen in AIDS patients. Cryptococcal meningitis occurs most often in HIV-infected people with CD4 + counts <100 cells. Objective: To describe epidemiologically patients with HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis from the Institute of Tropical Medicine in 2019. Methodology: Retrospective, descriptive, observational study. Patients of both sexes, with no age limit with a diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis infected with HIV from the Institute of Tropical Medicine (IMT) in 2019 were included in the study. Demographic characteristics such as age, sex, origin and levels were studied. CD4+. Results: A sample of 43 patients with a diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis associated with HIV was studied, of these, 72.09% were male. The average age was 37.86 ± 13.64 years and it was observed that the most frequent age group was between 20 and 34 years. Regarding the origin, the majority belongs to the Central department 46.51%. Regarding the CD4 + determination, 86.04% had levels <100 cells / ml. Conclusions: The findings are similar to other studies that have been published on this subject in relation to the fact that there was a predominance of males, and that the age group most affected was young adults with an average age of 37.86 ± 13.64 years, CD4 + levels were similar to other studies as well.

Keywords : cryptococcal Meningitis; cryptococcus neoformans; HIV; AIDS..

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