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Revista científica ciencias de la salud

versão On-line ISSN 2664-2891


GIMENEZ-OSORIO, Silvia Rosa  e  RIOS-GONZALEZ, Carlos Miguel. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in a reference Hospital in Paraguay. Rev. cient. cienc. salud [online]. 2020, vol.2, n.1, pp.18-26. ISSN 2664-2891.

Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome is known as a more common metabolic endocrine disorder among women of reproductive age, affecting approximately 5% to 10% of all women. At present, polycystic ovarian syndrome has been related to gynecological, endocrinological, cardiovascular and metabolic problems where pathologies such as obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus are found. Objective: to describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the syndrome of polycystic ovary in patients who attend a Reference Hospital of Paraguay during 2017. Patients and methods: The study was descriptive cross-sectional observational. All patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome who attended the Gynecology and Obstetrics service of the Central Hospital of the Social Security Institute during 2017 were included. Results: 81 patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome entered the study. The median age was 30 years, 51.85% were single, 54.32% students, 79% had a range of body mass index out of range and 29.99% suffered one or more abortions. The most striking clinical feature was 67.90% hirsutism. The most frequent complications were obesity, infertility and thyroid disease in that order. The treatment established in the majority of women was a change in lifestyle and pharmacological in 56.76%. Conclusion: The patients diagnosed with polycystic ovarian syndrome presented two or more clinical characteristics in each of them, the majority presented at least one complication being the most striking obesity.

Palavras-chave : Polycystic ovary syndrome; hyperandrogenism; obesity; infertility, Paraguay.

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