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Revista científica ciencias de la salud

On-line version ISSN 2664-2891


NOGUERA, Mónica et al. Predisposition for the development of anxiety and depression disorders in patients with prolonged hospitalization. Rev. cient. cienc. salud [online]. 2020, vol.2, n.1, pp.10-17. ISSN 2664-2891.

Background: Anxiety and depression can occur in patients with different pathologies, with higher risk in those with prolonged hospitalization. Objective: To determine the frequency and associated factors for the predisposition of anxiety and depression disorders in patients with prolonged hospitalization at the Medical Clinic Service of the Itauguá National Hospital, between August to October 2019. Methodology: Descriptive cross-sectional study in which, with prior informed consent, patients with hospitalization greater than seven days were included. Predisposition to anxiety and / or depression was identified by the standardized Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) test. Results: Out of 70 patients with prolonged hospitalization included in the study, 50% was single, 52.8% from urban area, 51.4% with primary education level, 61.4% with work activity, and 70% knew their pathology. The frequency of depression was 37% and anxiety 30%. No association between the studied characteristics and the predisposition to develop depression and/or anxiety was observed, but there was a strong association between the presence of anxiety and depression; all patients with anxiety had depression, but only 10% of those who did not have anxiety were predisposed to develop depression. Conclusion: The frequency of anxiety and depression was relatively high; there was a strong relationship between the predispositions to develop both conditions. Unlike other studies, in this series sociodemographic characteristics were not associated with the predisposition to develop anxiety and / or depression.

Keywords : anxiety; depression; hospitalization.

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