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Revista de la Sociedad Científica del Paraguay

Print version ISSN 0379-9123On-line version ISSN 2617-4731


MARTENS, Juan A.  and  VELOSO, Ricardo D.. Ilegalism in border contexts between Paraguay and Argentina. The case of Ñeembucú fuelmen. Rev. Soc. cient. Parag. [online]. 2019, vol.24, n.2, pp.349-367. ISSN 2617-4731.

Various types of illegal activities contribute to income generation and mobilize the economy, on the Paraguayan-Argentine border, some of which are publicly exercised and socially and institutionally tolerated, despite being punished under criminal law. This article focuses on one of these ventures, known as milking fuel (fuel robbery), with the aim of describing its dynamics, and the mechanisms of interaction between the fuelmen, the authorities and the population, through ethnographic techniques, mainly participant observation, interviews, informal conversations, and identification and observation of objects (barges, canoes, hoses, tanks, drums, stash locations, and sale points). The commercialization of the stolen fuel is carried out publicly in several neighborhoods of the city and transported daily or weekly to other regions of the country. The repression of the phenomenon is exceptional, due to the monthly payment of the fuel sale company’s executives to some authorities, as well as for the justification of the practice in the conviction that it generates labor, making it possible to support the families. Several of those involved in the commercial chain, although they recognize some degree of illegality of their practice, they do not perceived themselves as criminals justifying it due to the need for employment and the absence of lawful sources of work.

Keywords : Ilegalism; organized crime; paraguayan-argentine border..

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