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Medicina clínica y social

On-line version ISSN 2521-2281


CORDOVA SILVA, Gabriela; YPANEQUE ANCAJIMA, Jhon Edwin; SALY ROSAS SOLANO, José Luis  and  SILVA RODRIGUEZ, José Miguel. Community approach to identify cases of anemia in pregnant women, boys and girls in three communities in Peru. Med. clín. soc. [online]. 2021, vol.5, n.3, pp.152-157. ISSN 2521-2281.


Iron deficiency anemia affects growth and cognitive development from the first stages of human life. It is necessary to undertake a community strategy to detect cases in a timely manner in order to guarantee comprehensive development opportunities in later life stages. Objective: To describe a community approach model for the detection of cases of anemia in boys and girls in three marginal urban communities in northern Peru.


A prospective, cross-sectional, observational epidemiological study, 412 people were screened with spectrophotometry equipment, including pregnant women, boys and girls under 5 years of age. In addition, anonymous questionnaires were applied to evaluate the determinants of health. Homes with anemia cases were geo-located and a computer application was developed for storing information.


In the communities of San José and Salamanca, 3.9% (16) and 7% (29) cases of anemia were represented respectively, and only 1.7% (7) cases in Los Jardines. There is a significant relationship between the communities and the appearance of cases of anemia p value = 0.001; 95% CI confidence interval. Furthermore, 9.5% (39) of anemia cases did not have access to any social program. Finally, 83.7% (345) of those screened did not report anemia and were supplemented with micronutrients.


The community model could be a benchmark in primary health care as a strategy for social determinism in cases of anemia in pregnant women, boys and girls.

Keywords : Health models; health surveillance; anemia; communities; pregnant women; boys.

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