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Medicina clínica y social

On-line version ISSN 2521-2281

Abstract

MARTINEZ-SCHIAVO, Adriana  and  VIOLA, Laura. Attempt of Self-elimination in Childhood and Adolescence. Presentation of a model for the prevention of attempted self-elimination in children and early adolescents in a Pediatric Hospital in Montevideo. Med. clín. soc. [online]. 2021, vol.5, n.3, pp.145-151. ISSN 2521-2281.  https://doi.org/10.52379/mcs.v5i3.226.

General objectives:

Explain the way in which the Specialized Polyclinic in Self-Injury Behaviors, works in the Child Psychiatry Clinic. Prevention of second or more suicide attempt.

Methodology:

Descriptive, cross-sectional study of a sample of children and adolescents between the ages of 6 and 15 who consulted for suicidal behaviors in a period of 9 months (n 102 patients). Semi-structured clinical interviews were conducted and the CBCL (Child Behavior Check List) and supplementary questionnaire was applied.

Results:

Female 78,8%. 12-14 years old 75%. First suicide attempt 68%, second or more 16%. Schooling 63,6%. Mean of PT 66,4. 42,3% of parents report that their children are victims of violence. Of 102 patients, 90 (88%) continue their treatment. Frequency of readmissions 12%. One suicide, 1%.

Conclusions:

These numbers warm of a serious problem that requires great efforts to identify possible risk factors and reduce their incidence.

Keywords : Attempted suicide; children and adolescents; risk factors; prevention.

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