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Medicina clínica y social

On-line version ISSN 2521-2281


ROESSLER-VERGARA, Pablo Ignacio; SOTO-RAMIREZ, Tomás  and  CABIESES, Báltica. Sociodemographic and economics factors associated with non-compliance of the quarantine recommendation due to COVID-19 in Venezuelan migrants in Chile. Med. clín. soc. [online]. 2021, vol.5, n.3, pp.123-130. ISSN 2521-2281.


The Venezuelan group residing in Chile has increased in number and in the social vulnerability in which they migrate.


To analyze which sociodemographic and economic elements make it difficult to carry out quarantine in the Venezuelan population residing in Chile, considering how this varies according to characteristics such as being working, having health insurance, sex, and educational level.


Cross-sectional observational quantitative study from an online poll on COVID-19 to foreigners in Chile, carried out in April (2020), through a “snowball” sampling strategy (n=1,690 migrants). This secondary analysis focuses on Venezuelan participants (N=1,006), through descriptive, bivariate and multivariate regression analysis, with Raking adjustment to reduce self-selection bias. Of these, 49.6% were women, and the majority (50%) were between 30 and 49 years old.


The probability of not being able to quarantine is higher in those who have a job ((OR=5.35, 95% CI (3.16-9.02)), in relation to those who do not; in those who do not have a health insurance ((OR=4.02, 95% CI (1.57-10.32)) and in those who have public insurance (i.e. Fonasa) ((OR=3.92, 95% CI ( 1.84-8.35)), in relation to people with private pension; in men ((OR=2.23, 95% CI (1.50-3.32)) than in women; and in those with a lower educational level at a higher level ((OR=1.74, 95% CI (11.50-3.32)).


The association found between not complying with quarantine due to working conditions and type of health insurance exposes the relevance of socioeconomic vulnerability in the opportunities to carry out public health care measures in the Venezuelan migrant population in Chile, such as monitoring of confinement during a pandemic. This is important for health planning in future socio-health crises.

Keywords : Migrants; Working Conditions; Health Benefits; Uninsured Patients; pandemic; public health.

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