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Medicina clínica y social

On-line version ISSN 2521-2281


PATINO, Elena  and  PORZIO, Miguel. Frequency of spontaneous abortions in patients who attend the Gyneco-Obstetrics service of the Hospital de Clínicas. Med. clín. soc. [online]. 2021, vol.5, n.2, pp.76-79. ISSN 2521-2281.


Spontaneous abortion, defined as the loss of pregnancy before viability, is a common occurrence. The physical and emotional cost of recurrent miscarriage can be high. Furthermore, only about half of women who experience recurrent miscarriages will discover the cause.


It is an observational, descriptive and temporally retrospective study. The sampling is non-probabilistic of consecutive cases. The accessible population are women who had a spontaneous abortion and have attended the Hospital de Clínicas during July 2019 to July 2020.


Taking into account the study period between July 2019 and July 2020, 2,217 clinical records were registered, in this The research included 262 women with spontaneous abortion, representing 11.82% of the total. Regarding risk factors, 98.5% have at least one risk factor.


The most mentioned risk factors in the clinical records were Uterine Manual Aspiration, Instrumental Uterine Curettage, and Genito-urinary Surgery. In the literature there are many risk factors mentioned, such as the age of the patient, the previous number of abortions, infections, hormonal imbalances, the presence of masses in the uterus, even genetic components associated with this phenomenon have been studied.

Keywords : Spontaneous Abortion; Pregnancy; Risk factors.

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