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Medicina clínica y social

versión On-line ISSN 2521-2281


GONZALEZ-URBIETA, Israel et al. Burnout syndrome and alcohol dependence in medical students. Med. clín. soc. [online]. 2020, vol.4, n.2, pp.52-59. ISSN 2521-2281.


Burnout Syndrome is a mental disorder caused by occupational stress, a situation widely prevalent in doctors and other health professionals. Substance abuse and depression are also psychiatric problems that are related to this area.


To identify the frequency of Burnout Syndrome and its association with Alcohol misuse in medical students in their clinical years at the National University of Asunción.


Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study in medical students from the clinical area of the National University of Asunción, Paraguay. Surveys were used with the alcohol use disorder identification test (AUDIT-C), the Maslach inventory and the PHQ-2 depression screening. Results: Of the 157 surveys, 43.9% met the criteria for Burnout Syndrome, 49% met the criteria for alcohol misuse / dependence and 38.9% had high probability crite-ria for major depressive disorder. Most of them presented suicidal ideation in the last 12 months.


The results were similar to those found in the literature, however, certain aspects were greater in this study, such as the percentage that meets the criteria for Burnout Syndrome, alcohol misuse and suicidal ideation. Burnout Syndrome and alcohol misuse are frequent in medical students and are commonly associated with depressive disorders.

Palabras clave : Burnout syndrome; alcohol abuse; medical students.

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