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Academo (Asunción)

On-line version ISSN 2414-8938


TORRES ALONSO, Eduardo. From electoral representation to direct participation in Mexico?. Acad. (Asunción) [online]. 2023, vol.10, n.2, pp.141-154. ISSN 2414-8938.

The article reflects on the crisis of representative democracy in Mexico, examining the democratization process that began in the second half of the 20th century, identifying the social contexts (economic boom and crisis, permanence of a hegemonic party, subnational authoritarianism, social movements and guerrillas) in which the political and electoral reforms were discussed and approved - the Mexican one is considered to be a “voted transition”, precisely because of the importance given to gradual institutional change and the impossibility of identifying a date or moment of breaking or rupture with the regime-, and also registering the incorporation in the Mexican Constitution of mechanisms of direct democracy as an alternative to avoid the sharpening of the protests for greater freedoms and political rights, institutionalize the conflict, correct the low legitimacy of the authorities and reduce the effects of the democratic deficit in the country.

Keywords : Democracy; reform; representative democracy; direct democracy; Mexico..

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