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Academo (Asunción)

On-line version ISSN 2414-8938


FERNANDEZ ESPINOSA, Cira  and  BRITO PAREDES, Patricio. Pedagogical authority. Acad. (Asunción) [online]. 2018, vol.5, n.1, pp.53-60. ISSN 2414-8938.

In recent years there is much talk of university discipline and alludes to the little respect for teachers. It is important then to look for the sources of pedagogical authority and the causes of their deterioration. The objective of this study is to characterize the pedagogical authority, based on the analysis of the teacher's professional-ethical performance. A descriptive investigation was carried out at the Technical University of Machala, with a sample population of 373 students, who were given an opinion survey on the teaching performance and the exercise of authority in the university context. The correlations show the direct relationship of the teaching authority with the management of the contents and the pedagogical performance. 63.5% express partial respect for teachers; and 47.5% are partially satisfied with the teacher's preparation. Students express confidence with teachers who have a dialogical relationship with them. In the context studied, certain levels of authoritarianism are revealed, which come from a traditional pedagogical culture that does not promote the constructive participation of students. In the University, authoritarian practices close spaces for the autonomous and creative development of students. The study contributes to draw up policies that allow to strengthen the pedagogical authority with leadership, thinking that respect is earned in responsible professional work. In the cognitivist and constructivist models introduced in the universities, it is important that the teacher opens the decision spaces to strengthen the autonomy and confidence of the students.

Keywords : Pedagogical authority; authoritarianism; teaching performance.

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