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Revista Paraguaya de Reumatología

versão On-line ISSN 2413-4341


REAL-DELOR, Raúl Emilio et al. Sarcopenia in adult patients with chronic kidney failure at the National Hospital and Military Hospital in 2021. Rev. parag. reumatol. [online]. 2022, vol.8, n.1, pp.3-10. ISSN 2413-4341.

Introduction: Sarcopenia can present in longstanding diseases such as chronic kidney failure (CKD). Its detection enables the initiation of specific therapeutic measures to avoid complications. Objective: To describe the frequency of sarcopenia in adult patients with CKD at the Hospital Nacional and Hospital Militar in 2021. Methodology: We conducted an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study design. The presence of sarcopenia was evaluated with anthropometric measurements. The hand grip strength and functionality was determined with the EuroQol5D questionnaire. Demographic and clinical variables were also measured. A control group of healthy young subjects was recruited to obtain comparative anthropometric parameters. The research was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Universidad Privada del Este, Paraguay. Results: 119 patients with CKD were included, 62 men with a mean age of 56 ± 15 years and 57 women with a mean age of 61 ± 16 years. 150 healthy subjects were recruited, 51 men with a mean age 26 ± 5 years and 99 women with a mean age 25 ± 5 years. The predominant etiology of CKD was the combination of arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus (45.4%). Sarcopenia was confirmed in 38.66% of the patients using anthropometric measurements, hand grip strength and functionality. Comparing demographic and clinical variables between the groups with different stages of sarcopenia, only age was higher in the subjects with severe sarcopenia. Conclusion: Sarcopenia was confirmed in 38.66% of patients with CKD%.

Palavras-chave : sarcopenia; dynamome- try; chronic renal failure; anthropometry.

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