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Revista Científica de la UCSA

On-line version ISSN 2409-8752


ESQUIVEL, Mónica Britos; ESTIGARRIBIA, Rocío Elizabeth; MOREIRA, Jessica Rocio Ferreira  and  ALMADA, José Antonio Valenzuela. Sociodemographic factors associated with hopelessness and anxiety in the Covid 19 quarantine period, in people residing in Paraguay. Rev. ciente. UCSA [online]. 2021, vol.8, n.1, pp.3-13. ISSN 2409-8752.

The study aims to associate hopelessness and state anxiety with socio-demographic factors, in people residing in Paraguay in the quarantine period for Covid-19. The design is observational analytical, quantitative approach, cross-sectional. The sample consisted of 1340 people, to whom 2 questionnaires are applied: 1. Sociodemographic data 2. Beck's Hopelessness Scale (HS). The value of α of Cronbach's Alpha is obtained = .89. 3. State-Trait Anxiety Inventory STAI by Spielberger and Díaz-Guerrero (2002). The value of α of Cronbach's Alpha is obtained = .94. Participants are selected by means of a Snowball Sampling. Ethical principles were applied in human research. It was found that the prevalence of anxiety state is 23% and the high risk of committing suicide is 25%. It is concluded that there is a statistically significant association between sociodemographic variables (age range, academic degree, civil status, income level, work status, medical insurance) with hopelessness. In addition, it was found an association between sociodemographic variables (sex, age range, academic degree, income level, work status, health insurance) with anxiety. Anxiety and hopelessness have a moderate positive relationship with a significance level of 1%.

Keywords : Socio-demographic factors; hopelessness; Covid-19; people residing in Paraguay.

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