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Revista Científica de la UCSA

versão On-line ISSN 2409-8752


BRITOS, M; ESTIGARRIBIA, R; FERREIRA, J  e  VALENZUELA, J. Internet use and happiness measurement in people residing in Paraguay, period 2018. Rev. ciente. UCSA [online]. 2018, vol.5, n.3, pp.19-37. ISSN 2409-8752.

The subject of the study focuses on the Psychology of New Technologies and Positive Psychology with the interest of determining the use of internet and the measurement of happiness in Internet users residing in Paraguay, that is, the behavior of Internet users and their relationship with happiness. The chosen design was non-experimental, descriptive, correlational, with a quantitative, cross-sectional approach. The Internet Addiction Test (IAT), Spanish version of Puerta-Cortés, Carbonell and Chamarro (2012) (Cronbach's alpha = .846) and the Alarcón's Happiness Scale (2006) (Cronbach's alpha = .948) were applied. Due to the main objective of the study, the chosen population was that of adult Internet users residing in different cities of Paraguay. A sample of 321 subjects was reached: 100 men and 221 women. Regarding the age ranges, 124 people were between 18 and 24 years old, 158 people were between 26 and 39 years old and 39 people were 40 or older. Regarding the academic level, 16 people were located in the secondary level and 305 people in the tertiary level. The data was collected during a period of 2 months (May / June 2018). Through the on-line application a non-probabilistic type snowball sampling was used. Through informed consent confidentiality was guaranteed by not disclosing the identity of the participants. The link was sent via social networks. The statistical program SPSS version 20 (test phase) was used. It was found that the levels of happiness were: very low 46 people (14.3%) under 29 people (9%), the predominant levels were: average 101 people (31.5%), high 71 people (22.1%) and very high 74 people (23.1%) in a sample of 321 Internet users. 89% of the participants demonstrated control in the use of the internet. Regarding the relationship of the main variables, internet use and happiness, an inverse, weak and significant association was found ρ = -0.26 sig = 0.01, the result would indicate that the lower the use of the internet, the greater happiness and vice versa. Referring to the comparison of Internet use according to sex, a higher score of the average range of internet use in men was obtained in comparison to women U = 9232 sig = 0.01. Regarding the comparison of happiness according to sex, women had a higher score of the average happiness range compared to men U = 9496 sig = 0.04.

Palavras-chave : paraguayan Internet users; internet use; happiness.

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