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Revista Virtual de la Sociedad Paraguaya de Medicina Interna

versão On-line ISSN 2312-3893


BARAVALLE SERVIN, Fabianna Giovanella; FIGUEREDO THIEL, Susy Jacqueline; RODRIGUEZ CABALLERO, Ida Fabiola  e  AVALOS, Domingo Santiago. Clinical characterization of heart failure in patients hospitalized at the National Institute of Cardiology, Paraguay. Rev. virtual Soc. Parag. Med. Int. [online]. 2023, vol.10, n.2, pp.43-52.  Epub 30-Set-2023. ISSN 2312-3893.


Heart failure is one of the most prevalent cardiovascular diseases in the general population and the mandatory stage of all cardiovascular pathologies, which will increase as the life expectancy of the population grows.


To determine the characteristics of patients with heart failure hospitalized at the National Institute of Cardiology of Paraguay, during a period of three months of the year 2020.


Descriptive study of a sample of 140 patients diagnosed with heart failure. The criteria to establish this diagnosis were clinical and/or echocardiographic.


The average age was 66 years, 57% male, and 88% of the patients had arterial hypertension. The most frequent etiology was ischemic (26%), the majority consulted in functional class III and presented reduced ejection fraction, calculating an institutional prevalence of 7.2%.


The profile of the patient with a diagnosis of heart failure who consults in this service is that of a man of approximately 66 years old, in functional class III, with reduced ejection fraction and ischemic etiology, whose underlying pathologies are arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus.

Palavras-chave : heart failure; heart disease risk factors; ejection fraction; stroke volume; hypertension; diabetes mellitus.

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