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Revista Virtual de la Sociedad Paraguaya de Medicina Interna

On-line version ISSN 2312-3893


ZARATE GAONA, Diana Estela  and  ORTEGA FILARTIGA, Edgar. Disseminated mycoses in patients with AIDS in a referral hospital. Rev. virtual Soc. Parag. Med. Int. [online]. 2022, vol.9, n.2, pp.104-112. ISSN 2312-3893.


Disseminated mycoses continue to increase their incidence in immunosuppressed patients, causing high rates of morbidity and mortality. The most important risk factors associated with the development of opportunistic infections in HIV-infected patients are low CD4+ T lymphocyte counts and lack of adherence to antiretroviral treatment.


To describe the clinical characteristics of disseminated mycoses in patients with AIDS admitted to the Department of Internal Medicine of the Hospital Nacional of Itauguá, Paraguay from 2016 to 2018.

Materials and methods:

Prospective and retrospective descriptive cross-sectional observational study. All men and women older than 18 years with AIDS and diagnosed with disseminated mycosis were included. The research was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Medicine of the National University of Itapúa, Paraguay.


Eighty patients were included, of which 52 were men with a mean age of 40 years ±10 years. The most frequent mycosis was disseminated candidiasis in 39 patients (49.5%), followed by cryptococcosis in 19 patients (23%). Of the total number of patients, 69 (87%) had CD4+ counts <200 cells/mm3, 68 (85%) had viral load >100,000 copies, and 41 subjects (51%) had discontinued antiretroviral treatment. The most affected organs were the digestive tract and the respiratory system. Mortality was observed in 17 cases (21%) and among these, 11 (63%) subjects had renal failure and 9 (55%) were cachectic.


Male predominance was found with a mean age of 40 years. Most of the patients had high viral load and low CD4+ counts. The most frequent mycosis was candidiasis. One in four patients presented cryptococcosis, most frequently at meningeal level. Mortality due to disseminated mycosis was 21%.

Keywords : HIV; AIDS-related opportunistic infections; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; candidiasis; cryptococcosis..

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