SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.8 número2Guía para la protección y circulación del personal sanitario y de los pacientes en sala de internados de Clínica Médica, Hospital NacionalEsquizofrenia y alteraciones de la percepción visual índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




  • No hay articulos citadosCitado por SciELO

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO


Revista Virtual de la Sociedad Paraguaya de Medicina Interna

versión On-line ISSN 2312-3893


PEREIRA-RODRIGUEZ, Javier Eliecer et al. Effectiveness of physical exercise as a treatment for lymphedema in cancer patients. Rev. virtual Soc. Parag. Med. Int. [online]. 2021, vol.8, n.2, pp.89-113. ISSN 2312-3893.


Lymphedema is the most common sign to appear in cancer treatment, especially breast cancer. This situation mainly affects the upper limbs, blocking the lymph nodes, generating fluid retention, affecting the quality of life. One of the alternatives to treat it is physical exercise.

Materials and methods:

A systematic review was carried out using databases such as EMBASE, PubMed, Medscape, MEDLINE and Google Scholar, including randomized controlled trials type studies that evaluated the effects of physical exercise on lymphedema in publications from January 2013 to June 2013, 2020. The recommendations of the Cochrane collaboration for the selection of studies for systematic reviews were taken into account, as well as the criteria of the PRISMA Declaration and the PEDro scale.


A total of 36 articles were included, and it was observed that in 28 studies the application of physical exercise in its different modalities generated a decrease in the circumference of lymphedema, in some cases up to 61% of the initial measurement (p <0.01) while in the remaining 8 articles it was maintained, but improving the functionality of the affected limb and adaptation to it (p <0.01).


The application of physical exercise is an alternative to treat lymphedema which obtains positive results, improving the circumference of the affected limb, functionality, strength, sensitivity and quality of life.

Palabras clave : neoplasm; physical exercise; rehabilitation; lymphedema..

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )