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Revista Virtual de la Sociedad Paraguaya de Medicina Interna

On-line version ISSN 2312-3893


TORRES TOALA, Fausto Gady et al. Burnout syndrome in health professionals in Ecuador and associated factors in times of pandemic. Rev. virtual Soc. Parag. Med. Int. [online]. 2021, vol.8, n.1, pp.126-136. ISSN 2312-3893.


To determine the Burnout Syndrome in health professionals in Ecuador and its behavior with associated sociodemographic and labor factors.

Materials and methods:

A cross-sectional observational study was carried out, which included health professionals from Ecuador. The information was collected through an online survey with prior informed consent. To capture the sociodemographic variables, a questionnaire was used, for the evaluation of Burnout Syndrome the Maslach test was used, which is validated in the South American context.


We found that the prevalence of Burnout Syndrome was high, especially in the depersonalization component (95%) and emotional exhaustion (47%) and in a lower percentage in personal fulfillment (11%). Nine percent had concomitant affectation of the three areas evaluated, representing the most severe structure of Burnout Syndrome and 42% of two areas, we did not find any type of relationship with sex but there was a greater probability with younger ages, greater number of patients and in residents.


The Burnout Syndrome is an important problem to analyze permanently in health professionals, its effects could generate an environment that encourages error and taking into account the high prevalence observed, we are faced with a potentially complex situation. It has been shown that young professionals do not have tools to face adverse conditions, in this study we show that they have a greater probability of Burnout Syndrome, therefore a preventive mental health intervention to anticipate these effects is essential

Keywords : Burnout syndrome; health professionals; depersonalization; emotional exhaustion; personal fulfillment..

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