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Revista Virtual de la Sociedad Paraguaya de Medicina Interna

On-line version ISSN 2312-3893


RIVELLI, Rosa et al. Frailty of the elderly in three Family Health Units of Paraguay in 2019. Rev. virtual Soc. Parag. Med. Int. [online]. 2020, vol.7, n.2, pp.11-22. ISSN 2312-3893.


Frailty is a progressive deterioration of physiological systems, related to age, which reduces the reserves of intrinsic capacity, which confers greater vulnerability to stressors. Although it tends to worsen spontaneously, with appropriate and early interventions, its consequences can be reversed, slowed or reduced.


To determine the frequency of frailty of the elderly according to Fried criteria in three Family Health Units of Areguá, Paraguay, in 2019.


Observational, descriptive, prospective, multicenter study. Men and women aged ≥60 years who attended the Family Health Units of Yuquyty, Costa Fleytas and Caacupemí (Areguá, Paraguay) in 2019 were included. Anthropometric and clinical variables were measured. Frailty was determined with Fried questionnaire, after informed consent.


Eighty-one subjects were included, with a mean age of 71±7 years, with a predominance of women (65%). The most frequent comorbidities were high blood pressure, arthropathies, and diabetes mellitus. Depression was self-reported in 9.8%. Frailty was detected in 53% and the most frequent deficit in Fried criteria was slow gait. The risk factor associated with frailty was female sex (p=0.006).


Frailty was detected in 53%, with a predominance of women.

Keywords : frailty; elderly; frail elderly; health status; elderly health..

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