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Revista Virtual de la Sociedad Paraguaya de Medicina Interna

On-line version ISSN 2312-3893


ORTIZ-GALEANO, Ignacio; BALMACEDA, Natalia Eloísa Fernández  and  FLORES, Alan. Cardiovascular risk factors in patients with stroke. Rev. virtual Soc. Parag. Med. Int. [online]. 2020, vol.7, n.1, pp.50-55. ISSN 2312-3893.


Cerebrovascular disease is the cause of disability and death in people. It occurs more and more in the population of young adults.


To determine the cardiovascular risk factors in patients with cerebrovascular accident admitted to the Hospital de Clínicas (San Lorenzo, Paraguay).

Material and method:

Observational, descriptive, retrospective cross-sectional design, which included adult patients with a diagnosis of stroke in the Ictus Unit of the Emergency Department of the Hospital de Clínicas from January 2015 to March 2018. Demographic variables, diagnosis of stroke, history of previous stroke, presence of cardiovascular risk factors (arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking and atrial fibrillation) were determined.


Six hundred eighteen patients with a diagnosis of stroke were included, 119 patients (19.3%) of them were younger than 50 years, and 75 (63%) were ischemic. The most frequent cardiovascular risk factors were high blood pressure (47.9%) and diabetes mellitus (9.2%).


The most frequent type of stroke was ischemic. The most frequent cardiovascular risk factors in young adults with stroke were arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus.

Keywords : stroke; arterial hypertension; diabetes mellitus; dyslipidemias; atrial fibrillation; tobacco use.

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