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Revista Virtual de la Sociedad Paraguaya de Medicina Interna

versión On-line ISSN 2312-3893

Resumen

MORAN SALINAS, Alberto Javier; DUARTE FARINA, Rubén Fernando  y  ORTIZ GALEANO, Ignacio. Frequency of coronary risk factors in patients with acute myocardial infarction in the Cardiology Service of the Hospital de Clínicas. Rev. virtual Soc. Parag. Med. Int. [online]. 2019, vol.6, n.2, pp.57-63.  Epub 01-Sep-2019. ISSN 2312-3893.  https://doi.org/10.18004/rvspmi/2312-3893/2019.06.02.57-063.

Introduction:

Acute myocardial infarction is a serious complication of cardiovascular disease and several coronary risk factors are known.

Objective:

To determine the frequency of coronary risk factors in patients with acute myocardial infarction in the Cardiology Service of the Hospital de Clínicas.

Material and method:

Observational, descriptive, retrospective cross-sectional design which included adult patients diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction from the Cardiology Service of the Hospital de Clínicas from January 2015 to March 2018. Demographic variables, reason of consultation, family history of ischemic heart disease and the presence of coronary risk factors were determined.

Results:

Two hundred thirty-one subjects were included, the mean age was 63±1 years, and 138 (60%) were male. The most frequent reason for consultation was precordial pain (71%). The majority presented infarction without elevation of the ST segment (63.6%). The most frequent coronary risk factors were arterial hypertension (89%), sedentary lifestyle (60%) and tobacco consumption (55.4%), especially in patients older than 65 years.

Conclusion:

The most frequent coronary risk factors were arterial hypertension, sedentary lifestyle and smoking, predominating in people over 60 years of age.

Palabras clave : myocardial infarction; hypertension; tobacco smoking; dyslipidemias; exercise; diabetes mellitus; sedentary behavior.

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