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Revista Virtual de la Sociedad Paraguaya de Medicina Interna

versão On-line ISSN 2312-3893

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GARCIA BELLO, Laura et al. The risk of those who care for risk: FIDRISK in healthcare personnel. Rev. virtual Soc. Parag. Med. Int. [online]. 2016, vol.3, n.2, pp.71-76. ISSN 2312-3893.  https://doi.org/10.18004/rvspmi/2312-3893/2016.03(02)71-076.

Introduction: FINDRISK questionnaire evaluates the probability of developing mellitus (DM) within 10 years. Objective: To determine the probability of developing DM within 10 years in healthcare personnel, considering lifestyle and family burden using the FINDRISK questionnaire. Material and methods: Cross-sectional descriptive prospective study performed in 100 individuals, healthcare personnel of the Hospital de Clínicas from September 1 to October 3, 2015. Results: The sample population was mostly women (77%), predominantly young (73%), 19% has parents and/or brothers/sisters with DM. Thirty two percent had normal weigh, 27% was overweight, 24% had GI obesity and 17% GII obesity. Only 30.4% made physical activity. Half eats fruits and vegetables every day. Only 6% had history of hyperglycemia and 43% presented a very high risk by abdominal circumference. Only 16% used regularly drugs for arterial hypertension. Applying the FINDRISK questionnaire, the global mean was 14.4 ± 4.4 (range 7 - 24) being similar in both genders (p = 0.6). In the risk assessment, almost half (47%) of the employees presented high risk followed by slightly high risk (31%), moderate risk (11%) and very high risk (11%). In the bivariate analysis using 15 of FINDRISK as a cut-off point, it was found that 38% of the employees had high risk levels. Conclusion: More than a third of the healthcare personnel had high risk level of developing DM in their evolution if preventive measures are not taken to avoid it. Measures should be taken to reduce the appearance of new cases or delay the beginning of DM.

Palavras-chave : Diabetes mellitus, type 2 - prevention & control; risk factors, health personnel.

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