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Revista Virtual de la Sociedad Paraguaya de Medicina Interna

versão On-line ISSN 2312-3893


GONZALEZ GALEANO, Marcial Carlos et al. Cardiovascular risk factors in a young population of Coronel Oviedo, Paraguay. Rev. virtual Soc. Parag. Med. Int. [online]. 2014, vol.1, n.1, pp.37-44. ISSN 2312-3893.

Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the first cause of mortality worldwide. The implicated causes of them are well defined and are called cardiovascular risk factors. It is useful to know the frequency of these factors in the young adult population in order to take preventive measures. Objective: To determine the prevalence of arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, overweight, obesity and smoking in the young population of the urban area of Coronel Oviedo, Paraguay. Material and methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive observational study was carried out from June to August, 2012. One hundred thirty nine subjects, who were between 20 and 40 years of age from the urban area of Coronel Oviedo, were included. They were selected by simple random sampling using the recommendations of the stepwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS) for risk factors of the World Health Organization and the Pan American Health Organization. Results: Mean age was 28.8 years, distribution by sex was 63% women and 37% men. The study showed that 21% suffered arterial hypertension, 8% diabetes mellitus, 36% overweight, 14% obesity and 18% smoking. Sixty one percent presented cardiovascular risk factors distributed as follows: one risk factor 37%, two risk factors 19% and three or more risk factors 6%. Conclusions: The most frequent cardiovascular risk factors were overweight, arterial hypertension and smoking.

Palavras-chave : cardiovascular risk factors; adult; arterial hypertension; obesity; diabetes mellitus.

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