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Revista de salud publica del Paraguay

versão On-line ISSN 2307-3349

Resumo

GALEANO, R; OCAMPOS, S; CABELLO, A  e  RAMOS, P.. Dengue awareness in two high and low risk cities of the Central Department, Paraguay 2016. Rev. salud publica Parag. [online]. 2020, vol.10, n.2, pp.37-41. ISSN 2307-3349.  https://doi.org/10.18004/rspp.2020.diciembre.37.

Introduction:

Knowledge about dengue includes clinical presentation, vector transmission mode, prevention measures and source of information.

Objective:

To determine the knowledge about dengue in two cities with high and low risk according to endemicity, Paraguay 2016

Methodology:

Observational, analytical, cross-sectional. The Health Surveillance Directorate builds regional epidemiological scenarios, classifying them as endemic and non-endemic according to endemicity. Endemic areas are reclassified according to epidemic thresholds in high risk, medium risk and low risk. Two districts were selected, San Lorenzo, high risk (AR) and Itauguá low risk (BR); Simple three-stage random sampling was carried out (blocks, houses, people). Knowledge about dengue was analyzed according to clinical symptoms, mode of transmission, preventive measures and sources of information. High knowledge was considered to have reached a level of 80% or more. Frequencies and percentages were used for descriptive statistics; The relationship between qualitative variables was estimated with Chi square, OR with 95% CI, p <0.05, using Epi Info 7.

Results:

201 people from both districts were interviewed; 80% in RA and 73% in BR were female. In both districts they describe fever, headache and pain as the best known symptoms (95%, 85%, 69% AR - 93%, 80%, 43%, BR). Mosquito bite cited as mode of transmission (73% AR - 68% BR. Regarding prevention measures, 84% (BR) and 80% (AR) consider the elimination of the breeding site as the most important; 80% (BR ) and 90% (AR) which is the responsibility of the household members. The mass media were the source of information (85% AR - 59% BR), It was found that, living in an area of ​​high endemic burden, there is a 2.6 times more chance of knowing the symptoms of the disease OR = 2.6 (CI 1.35 - 5.1).

Conclusion:

A high level of knowledge about symptoms, mode of transmission and prevention measures has been found. Living in a high-risk community makes it easier to recognize symptoms.

Palavras-chave : Dengue; arbovirus infections; aedes; viral load; knowledge; Paraguay.

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