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Revista de salud publica del Paraguay

On-line version ISSN 2307-3349

Abstract

RIOS-GONZALEZ, Carlos Miguel. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices towards COVID-19 in Paraguayans During the Outbreak Period: A Quick Online Survey. Rev. salud publica Parag. [online]. 2020, vol.10, n.2, pp.17-22. ISSN 2307-3349.  https://doi.org/10.18004/rspp.2020.diciembre.17.

Introduction:

The rapid expansion of COVID-19 caused the WHO to declare it a health emergency of international concern, based on the impact that the virus could have in underdeveloped countries with less health infrastructure, and Paraguay has not been the exception, since, To prevent the spread of the virus, governments have imposed travel restrictions, quarantines, lockdowns, social isolation, cancellation of events, and closure of establishments.

Objective:

To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Paraguayans in the period of the COVID-19 outbreak

Methods:

A cross-sectional study was carried out from March 20, 2020, the week immediately after the closure of Paraguay. The survey was online using a Google Forms (c) form distributed through "WhatsApp" groups. Paraguayan nationals, over 18 years of age, who were explained the objectives and purpose of the study, who agreed to participate in the study, were asked to complete the questionnaire by clicking on the link (https://forms.gle/P6X81SYRMYs1G2Gw6)..

Results:

A total of 3141 participants completed the survey questionnaire. The mean age was 29.55 years (SD: 10.7), 2139 (68.10%) were women, and 2073 (66) were Interior. The mean COVID-19 knowledge score was 7.45 (SD: 1.51), suggesting an overall 62% (7.45/12*100) correct rate on this knowledge test. The majority of the respondents agreed that COVID-19 will finally be successfully controlled (66.28%), the vast majority of the participants had not visited any crowded place (88.35%) and wore masks when going out (74.31%) in recent days

Conclusion:

The knowledge about COVID-19 in the Paraguayan population during the outbreak was acceptable, attitudes have been mostly favorable and the practices are mostly adequate, however, it is necessary to implement massive education campaigns, to increase the proportion of knowledge about COVID-19, to stop its spread.

Keywords : Coronavirus Infections; COVID-19; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Paraguay..

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