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Revista de salud publica del Paraguay

On-line version ISSN 2307-3349

Abstract

RAMALHO, Rodrigo; SAMUDIO, Claudia Raquel; MARTINEZ, Federico Javier González  and  DIAZ-REISSNER, Clarisse. Public support in Paraguay for tobacco control policies. Rev. salud publica Parag. [online]. 2020, vol.10, n.2, pp.11-16. ISSN 2307-3349.  https://doi.org/10.18004/rspp.2020.diciembre.11.

Introduction:

In Paraguay, tobacco smoking’s negative impact demands the adoption of all available measures to reduce that impact. The presence or not of public support could potentially influence the adoption these measures.

Objective:

To determine the presence of public support to tobacco control policies.

Methods:

The present was a cross-sectional descriptive study that used an online survey to assess public support to 13 tobacco control policies using a Likert-type scale from 1 to 5 (strongly agree, agree, neutral, disagree, strongly disagree).

Results:

There were 502 participants, 67.73% of which were women, 87.65% had completed studies at a tertiary level, and 63,75% were non-smokers. Measures that the most support were banning smoking from public transport (98,01%) and from public buildings (93,63%), banning tobacco sales to people under the age of 18 (96,81%), and issuing a fine to those who do it (96,22%), and raising tobacco taxes either to support for the health care expenditure attributable to smoking (94,02%) or to reduce the prevalence of smoking (90,64%). Measures that received the least support were banning tobacco advertisement in points of sale (56,97%) and banning tobacco display on points of sale (51%).

Conclusion:

All 13 tobacco control policies assessed in the present study received the majority of support from all participants. We recommend the adoption and enforcement of these measures.

Keywords : Smoking; Smoking Prevention; Public Policy; Control and Sanitary Supervision of Tobacco-Derived Products; Paraguay.

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