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Cirugía paraguaya

versión On-line ISSN 2307-0420


MARTINEZ, Nelson et al. MANEJO DE las ÚLCERAS PÉPTICAS PERFORADAS . AÑOS 2005 a 2013: MANAGEMENT OF ULCERS PEPTIC PERFORATED . YEARS 2005-2013. Rev. Cir. Parag. [online]. 2014, vol.38, n.2, pp.8-11. ISSN 2307-0420.

ABSTRACT Perforation of peptic ulcers occurs from 1 to 6% of the ulcer, rarely, but represents a serious complication with high morbidity and mortality. Objective: To determine the frequency of perforated peptic ulcer (PPU) in acute abdomens, predisposing factors, treatment, morbidity and mortality. Patients and Methods: Research descriptive, retrospective and observational, at the emergency room with patients diagnosed with UPP in IICCQ; Mar-2005 to December-2013. Results: 308 patients were admitted with acute abdomen, 30 (9.7%) diagnosed with UPP; 27 men and 3 women, mean age 54 (26-82 years). Time evolution of average 14hs (4-72hs). The predominant symptoms were abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Predisposing factors: NSAID, alcohol consumption and smoking. The diagnosis was made by clinical, chest radiography (pneumoperitoneum) and in some cases intraoperatively. Surgical treatment consisted of primary suture and epiploplasty in 27 cases; 2 cases, gastro-yeyunoanastomosis antrectomy and Roux-Y and 1 case, wedge resection of the ulcer and primary suture. The location of the ulcer was: 13 cases in prepyloric region; 7 in the antrum; 4 in pylorus; 3 in the first duodenal portion and 3 in the gastric body. Same size was between 0.5-4 cm in diameter. Complications recorded 3 cases of atelectasis; 3 of nosocomial pneumonia; 3 of wound infection, 1 of hemodynamic instability; 1 liver laceration; 2 evisceration; 1 enterocutaneous fistula and 2 urinary tract infection. The mortality was 6.6% (2 cases); one abdominal sepsis and another massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The UPP is for a severe case. Surgical treatment is the therapy of choice for acute episode. Despite the seriousness, not checking high mortality compared with other series.

Palabras clave : Peptic ulcer; perforated ulcer.

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