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Investigación Agraria

versión On-line ISSN 2305-0683


VALDEZ-IBANEZ, Alcira S.; BOSCH-SERRA, Àngela D.  y  YAGUE-CARRASCO, María R.. Fertilization with pig slurry: impacts on earthworms in rainfed agriculture. Investig. Agrar. [online]. 2019, vol.21, n.1, pp.1-10. ISSN 2305-0683.

Earthworms play an important role in the maintenance of soil ecosystem services. Their presence and activity are influenced by agricultural practices as fertilization. The objective of this research was to identify earthworm species and to quantify their abundance and biomass in a field experiment where different fertilization strategies were applied for a period of 12 years. The experiment was carried out under a semiarid Mediterranean climate, in a fallow year of a rainfed cereal system. Fertilization strategies were based on pig slurries from fattening pigs (PE) and from sows (PM) at different fresh doses distributed in six treatments: three treatments only included PE (one rate was 30 t ha−1 yr−1 applied at pre-sowing, and the other two treatments received 40 and 60 t ha−1 yr−1 applied at cereal tillering), two treatments only included PM (60 and 90 t ha−1 yr−1 applied at cereal tillering) and the last, it combined PE and PM (30 t ha−1 yr−1 of PE at pre-sowing plus 90 t ha−1 yr−1 of PM at cereal tillering). Fertilization included a mineral fertilization treatment (0−FM) acting as a control. There were no variations in the abundance and biomass of earthworms registered according to the type of fertilization. Two earthworm species were identified. The endogeic species Koinodrilus roseus was the most abundant (80%−100%). The anecic species Nicodrilus trapezoides was not detected in plots receiving the two highest doses of PE at cereal tillering. The absence of N. trapezoides can be considered as a bioindicator of PE over-fertilization.

Palabras clave : bioindicator; Lumbricidae; organic fertilizer; soil quality; winter cereal.

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