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Revista de la Secretaría del Tribunal Permanente de Revisión

On-line version ISSN 2304-7887

Abstract

PUCHETA, Mauro; ALONSO, César Álvarez  and  RUIZ, Carlos. Food Security Measures and Labor Regulations in the EU-MERCOSUR Agreement: An Overview of the Legal Challenges. Rev. secr. Trib. perm. revis. [online]. 2020, vol.8, n.16, pp.224-248. ISSN 2304-7887.  https://doi.org/10.16890/rstpr.a8.n16.p224.

In June 2019, the European Union and MERCOSUR reached a political agreement in order to sign a comprehensive free trade agreement (FTA), which aims to increase interregional trade and to further develop cooperation in non-commercial areas, such as food security and labor regulations. The EU has a normative power through which it intends to export its values and standards. Upon the ratification of this agreement, MERCOSUR and its Member States will certainly need to reform their legal orders so as to align themselves with the food security international standards such as the International Union for the Protection of New Plant Varieties. It may also have an impact upon intellectual property regulations. Labor standards constitute another key aspect of the non-commercial interests of this agreement. In order to avoid social dumping, the EU may require MERCOSUR Member States to ratify ILO Conventions such as the 87 - which has not been ratified by Brazil yet - in order to guarantee a level playing field. Since the final text is currently being discussed, the impact of this agreement will largely depend upon the political will of both parties.

Keywords : European Union; MERCOSUR; food fecurity; labor regulations; Free Trade Agreement (FTA).

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