SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.18 issue1Self-Regulation for learning and its Influence in Bioethics in University Students of Nursing author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Revista Internacional de Investigación en Ciencias Sociales

On-line version ISSN 2226-4000


CABALLERO MERLO, Javier Numan. The development of sociology in Paraguay: processes, criteria and categories to problematize its particularities. Rev. Int. Investig. Cienc. Soc. [online]. 2022, vol.18, n.1, pp.3-22. ISSN 2226-4000.

The problem stems from considering the classic proposal of Michael Burawoy (2005) regarding the complementarity between academic and public sociology, seeking to take small steps towards science and popular sociology, as a return of the knowledge generated to its inspirers by making public the issues regarding to private problems.

With the objective of applying it to understand the particular development of a local critical sociology and its possibilities, contemplating certain processes from certain theoretical criteria and relative categories constructed for its analysis.

For this purpose, the four sociologies in exercise defined by Burawoy (2005) have been included as conceptual tools, as well as the discussion between the context of discovery and justification associated with his idea of ​​social commitment, and his normative position about their reciprocal interdependence that, in their interrelation, they give the discipline its integral and complex meaning. Likewise, central to the discussion raised is the contribution of Max Weber (1977; 1985) about technical rationality and evaluative rationality.

As findings, it is evidenced in a historical contextual way to have reached a reasonable time of disciplinary maturation and its institutionalization, according to certain complex processes identified theoretically and categorized.

On the other hand, the detection in the practice of sociology of the tension between reflective knowledge versus the hegemony of instrumental knowledge. However, while Burawoy (2005) clearly defends that reflective knowledge must normatively interrogate the value of the premises of society as well as our profession.

Finally, that reflexive and critical public sociology constitutes precisely the area where values and positions within the disciplinary field are settled and polished, making communicative action possible, reciprocity that allows conversation between its various audiences.

Keywords : Theoretical criteria; categories; sociology; development; reflective knowledge.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )