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Revista Internacional de Investigación en Ciencias Sociales

On-line version ISSN 2226-4000

Abstract

ESTRADA-FLORES, Dino Isaac et al. Sense of community and psychological well-being in populations in situations of social vulnerability due to natural disasters. Rev. Int. Investig. Cienc. Soc. [online]. 2021, vol.17, n.1, pp.216-240. ISSN 2226-4000.  https://doi.org/10.18004/riics.2021.junio.216.

The impact of natural disasters affect the mental health of communities at a personal and collective level. For this reason, we investigated the relationship between the psychological well-being and sense of community of people in an area of ​​high vulnerability to natural disasters in eastern Lima - Peru, where landslides and stones called "Huaicos" occur. 55 adult participated, of which 56.4% were women and 43.7% were men. The Psychological Well-Being Questionnaire and the Sense of Community Index (SCI2) adapted for populations in vulnerable conditions. It was found that people with higher education have greater psychological well-being than people with only school education. In case of a sense of community, age is directly proportional related (r = .30, p <.05). In general, we can affirm that there are different mediating variables for personal and community analysis between psychological well-being with a sense of community such as age and education. Therefore, the sociodemographic elements in this context are essential to understand community dynamics in disaster situations.

Keywords : Sense of community; psychological well-being; natural disaster; social vulnerability; living conditions.

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