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Revista del Nacional (Itauguá)

Print version ISSN 2072-8174


BRIZUELA FERNANDEZ, Romina Magalí et al. Vascular complications in diabetic patients with altered glycated hemoglobin admitted to Centro Médico Nacional - Hospital Nacional period 2022 - 2023. Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) [online]. 2024, vol.16, n.1, pp.49-59. ISSN 2072-8174.


diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that, if not controlled, can lead to macro- and microvascular complications. One of the indicators of adequate glycemic control is glycosylated hemoglobin.


to determine the frequency of macro and microvascular complications in type 2 diabetic patients with altered glycosylated hemoglobin admitted to the Hospital Nacional from 2022 to 2023


this was an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study that included 170 adult patients admitted to the Internal Medicine service of the Hospital Nacional (Itauguá, Paraguay) during the years 2022 and 2023.


the mean age was 58 ± 12 years, with a predominance of the female sex (51 %). The most frequently diagnosed complication was foot disease related to diabetes with 83 patients (49 %), followed by diabetic retinopathy 23 (14 %). The average value of glycosylated hemoglobin was 10 ± 2 %. Only 6 (4 %) of the total patients had an HbA1C value ≤7 %. The most frequent associated comorbidity was arterial hypertension 87 (51 %). 91 % of the patients knew they were carriers of the disease, 80 % received some type of treatment.


diabetic foot was the most frequently diagnosed vascular complication, especially in patients with HbA1C ≥7.1 %.

Keywords : diabetes mellitus; glycosylated hemoglobin; diabetic foot..

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