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Revista del Nacional (Itauguá)

Print version ISSN 2072-8174


ESCURRA, Lizzie  and  TORRES DE TABOADA, Estela. Frequency of iron deficiency in patients with heart failure. Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) [online]. 2019, vol.11, n.1, pp.68-79. ISSN 2072-8174.


iron deficiency is a comorbidity in patients with heart failure with can cause serious clinical consequences and generate poor prognosis.


to determine the frequency of iron deficiency anemia in patients hospitalized with heart failure and to describe their demographic and clinical characteristics.


observational, descriptive, prospective, cross-sectional. Were included male and female patients, older than 18 years of age, with heart failure, admitted to the National Hospital (Itauguá, Paraguay) in the years 2017-2018. Clinical and laboratory variables were measured. Iron-deficiency anemia was considered in patients with hemoglobin value ≤ 13 g / dL in men and ≤ 12 g / dL in women with ferritin <100 μg / L.


152 patients were included, with a mean age of 68 ± 14 years being 57% males. Between comorbidities, arterial hypertension was prevalent (95%). 72% of subjects with iron deficiency anemia were found, the frequency being higher in grades II and III of the NYHA functional classification


The frequency of iron deficiency anemia in patients with HF was 72% and was prevalent in males with functional class II-III. The most frequent comorbidity was arterial hypertension.

Keywords : heart failure; iron deficiency anemia; ferritins.

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