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Revista del Nacional (Itauguá)

versión impresa ISSN 2072-8174


REAL APARICIO, María Constanza. Temporomandibular dysfunction: causes and treatments. Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) [online]. 2018, vol.10, n.1, pp.68-91. ISSN 2072-8174.


the temporomandibular joint is very complex and is composed of the temporal bone and the lower jaw or mandible. Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) comprises a series of signs and symptoms, including orofacial pain and functional alterations such as joint noises and limitations to mandibular movements.


to describe the most frequent causes of TMD and its possible treatments in adult patients.


a bibliographic review of electronic databases of the last 10 years was carried out. Case reports were excluded.


40 articles were detected in internet bibliographic bases, of which 30 were included that met the inclusion criteria. Joint pain and noise were found as the most frequent symptoms of TMD and are associated with female sex and bruxism or parafunction in higher percentages. The neuromyorelaxing plaque is the most mentioned treatment.


TMJ pain was the most widely measured variable. Among the factors that were found associated with TMD, the female sex had a higher percentage followed by bruxism or parafunction and partially edentulous patients.

Palabras clave : temporomandibular dysfunction; occlusal splints; bruxism; temporomandibular joint pain.

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