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Revista del Nacional (Itauguá)

Print version ISSN 2072-8174


AGUILAR FERNANDEZ, Gustavo; ARAUJO LOPEZ, Patricia; ARCE, Nilfo  and  MARTINEZ MORA, Mario. Dermatophytes: casuistry in the Mycology Section of the Central Public Health Laboratory, Asunción - Paraguay (2000 - 2016). Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) [online]. 2017, vol.9, n.2, pp.4-11. ISSN 2072-8174.


dermatophytes are the main causes of superficial mycosis. Its epidemiology is less known in Paraguay.


to describe the prevalent species, types of tinea and features according to sex and age of patients who attended the Central Laboratory of Public Health, Asunción-Paraguay, in the period 2000-2016.

Materials and Methods:

patients of all ages with a diagnosis of superficial mycosis were studied. The samples processed were nails, hairs and epidermal scales. Direct tests were carried out with KOH and cultures. The identification was by macro scopy and microscopy of the colonies.


of 6,652 patients with suspected superficial mycoses, 803 (12%) were positive for dermatophytes. The isolates were Microsporum canis (33.9%), Trichophyton rubrum (23.8%), Trichophyton mentagrophytes (22%), Trichophyton tonsurans (12.6%), Microsporum gypseum (6.2%), Trichophyton verrucosum (1,4%), isolation for Microsporum manuum and Epidermophyton floccosum respectively. The types of tinea were: capitis (54.3%), corporis (27.1%) and unguium (9.8%), pedis (3.8%), cruris (3%) and manuum (2%).


The prevalent fungus was Microsporum canis (33.9%) and the most frequent tinea was capitis.

Keywords : superficial mycoses; dermatophytes; tinea; dermatophytosis in Paraguay.

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