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Revista del Nacional (Itauguá)

versión impresa ISSN 2072-8174

Resumen

ARAUJO, Patricia; AGUILAR, Gustavo; ARCE, Nilfo  y  MARTINEZ, Mario. Paracoccidioidomycosis detected in the period 2004-2013 in the Central Laboratory of Public Health of Asunción - Paraguay. Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) [online]. 2016, vol.8, n.2, pp.62-71. ISSN 2072-8174.  https://doi.org/10.18004/rdn2016.0008.02.062-071.

Introduction:

paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic mycosis endemic to Paraguay that produces a great social impact.

Objective:

to describe demographic and clinical data of patients with PCM detected during the period 2004-2013 at the Central Laboratory of Public Health, Asunción.

Material and methods:

retrospective study of patients diagnosed in the period 2004-2013. The methods used for the diagnosis were: direct examination with KOH, culture and serology by radial immunodiffusion.

Results:

131 cases of PCM were diagnosed, ranging from 22 to 70 years, with 127 (97%) males and 4 females. Rural activity was preponderant in these patients (80%). The infection was predominantly diagnosed in sputum samples (35.8%). The main sites of dissemination were oral mucosa (32.8%) and lymph nodes (6.8%). The main geographical areas were Central, Caaguazú, San Pedro, Cordillera and Paraguarí.

Conclusion:

PCM predominantly affected adult males in rural areas, being preferentially isolated from respiratory secretions and buccopharyngeal lesions.

Palabras clave : Paraguay; mycosis; paracoccidioidomycosis.

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