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Revista del Nacional (Itauguá)

Print version ISSN 2072-8174

Abstract

GUTIERREZ RAMIREZ1, Jorge Antonio et al. Association preeclampsia risk factors in mexiquenses women. Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) [online]. 2016, vol.8, n.1, pp.33-42. ISSN 2072-8174.  https://doi.org/10.18004/rdn2016.0008.01.033-042.

Introduction: Preeclampsia is still a major obstetric problem in developing countries. Objective: To identify the main risk factors to develop preeclampsia in women from the State of Mexico attended at the Maternal Perinatal Hospital "MónicaPreteliniSáenz".Materials and methods: In this case-control study, two groups were included, group A patients (n = 138) and B controls (n = 276) with a case-control ratio of 1: 2. The criteria for defining cases were women initially diagnosed with preeclampsia and who had the following measurements: Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) =140 or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) =90 mmHg plus one of the following: =300 protein concentration in a 24-h urine sample or proteinuria = ++. The control group was made up of women attended at the hospital who did not develop preeclampsia.Results: The mean age was 27.5 ± 8.0 years for the cases (group A) and 25.3 ± 6.7 years for controls (group B) (P <0.01). Having 1 or more stillbirth (P <0.045), initial and final measures of SBP and DBP, the pre-pregnancy body mass index (IMCPG), weight in late pregnancy, and chronic hypertension (P <0.01) as well as having had preeclampsia in a previous pregnancy were statistically significant (P <0.01) to have preeclampsia.Conclusions: In our population, in addition to the traditional risk factors for preeclampsia, history of stillbirthswas is another risk factor to develop preeclampsia.

Keywords : Stillbirth, preeclampsia, risk factor..

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