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Revista del Nacional (Itauguá)

Print version ISSN 2072-8174

Abstract

GONZALEZ RIVEROS1, Gabriel  and  TABOADA TORRES1, María de Jesús. The effect of a musical stimulation in the phonological development of language in preschool children. Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) [online]. 2016, vol.8, n.1, pp.24-32. ISSN 2072-8174.  https://doi.org/10.18004/rdn2016.0008.01.024-032.

Introduction: in preschool, children often try to simplify their language. These strategies of simplification, called phonological simplification processes, which are sub divided into three: syllabic structure, assimilation and substitution are gradually eliminated during phonological development until they are reduced with little or no process at age of six. If processes persist they must be considered a phonological disorder which is approached by the traditional phonological therapy which offers several strategies that seeks generalization in productions of the child, without addressing all possible targets as processes exhibit significant individual variation. An innovative strategy in this approach is the application of music, which has several similarities with spoken language. Objective: to determine the effect of musical stimulation with nursery rhymes in the development of the phonological aspect of language in students who attend preschool education at the Educational Center "Sagrados Corazones de Jesus y María". Materials and methods: experimental intra-group because an intervention on the same control population is performed. The TEPROSIF-R is used as an assessment tool to evaluate the phonological aspect of language to 55 children attending the preschool education and nursery rhymes as an instrument of intervention. Results: a significant reduction of the average in the processes related to syllabic structure and substitution processes is observed. It is noted that the decrease in mean of assimilation processes in relation to the average substitution process was less significant, because these were less frequent in the study subjects. Conclusion: a tendency of reduced cases in levels at risk and deficit is evident and therefore, a significant increase in the number of students with a normal level of phonological performance by 20% due to the direct effect of the intervention with nursery rhymes.

Keywords : phonological simplification processes, nursery rhymes, phonological disorder, children..

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