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Revista del Nacional (Itauguá)

Print version ISSN 2072-8174

Abstract

MONTIEL-JAROLIN, Dora et al. Prevalence of low HDL cholesterol associated with other cardiovascular risks factors in an adult population in the IPS Polyclinic of the Central Hospital from the Central Previtional Institut . Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) [online]. 2013, vol.5, n.2, pp.17-20. ISSN 2072-8174.

ABSTRACT Introduction: HDL cholestero (HDL-C) is a lipoprotein responsible for the remoral of excess cholesterol from arteries, low promote the formation of atheromatous plaques and if we add other cardiovascular risk factors, the vast majority to our adult population, it is no wonder how cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in our country. With early intervention on cardiovascular risk factors we could reduce mortality from this cause.Objetive: To determine the prevalence of low HDL-C in apparently healthy adult population and its association with other cardiovascular risk factors. Methods: Observational descriptive cross sectional study with analytical component of adult patients concurrent the Central Polyclinic Hospital IPS for any reason in the period April-May 2013. Results: In a population of 110 adult patients, apparently healthy, the frequency of low HDL-C was 48%, women were assiduous to consulation (83%) and majority had normal HDL-C tendency. The male came less to consultation and presented higher percentages of low HDL-C. Half of the patients had hypercholesterolemia; predominance of overweight and obesity over normal weigth, 95% of patients were sedentary. There was a low porcentage of glucose intolerance and high uncontrolled hypertension. The LDL-C was not high on average and showed no difference between low and normal HDL groups. Conclusions: Subjects were from the capital and the Central Departament, predominantly from urban areas. Most patients studied were adult women, overweight, sedentary, with high cholesterol and hypertension. The group with low HDL-C was assiociated with other risk factors such as male gender, overweight or obesity, physical inactivity, hipercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia and hypertension. Normal weight patients had low HDL-C in a significant proportion. Women, sedentary, overweight or obese, had normal HDL-C in a significant proportion. The majority of cardiovascular risk factors found in patients were modifiable.

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